relationship is an association between two or more people that
may range from fleeting to enduring. This association may be based
on limerence, Love and Liking, regular business interactions, or
some other type of social commitment. Interpersonal relationships
take place in a great variety of contexts, such as family, friends,
marriage, associates, work, clubs, neighbors. They may be regulated
by law custom or mutual agreement, and are the basis of social
groups and society as a whole.
Although humans are
fundamentally social creatures, interpersonal relationships are
not always healthy.
Examples of unhealthy relationships include abusive
relationships and codependence.
A relationship is
normally viewed as a connection between two individuals, such as a
intimate relationship, or a parent child relationship. Individuals
can also have relationships with groups of people, such as the
relation between a pastor and his congregation, an uncle and a
family, or a mayor and a town. Finally, groups or even nations may
have relations with each other, though this is a much broader domain
than that covered under the topic of interpersonal relationships.
See such articles as International relations for more
information on associations between groups. Most scholarly work on
relationships focuses on romantic partners in pairs or dyads.
relationships are, however, only a small subset of interpersonal relationships. Interpersonal relationships
also can include friendships, such as relationships involving
individuals providing relational care to marginalized persons. These
relationships usually involve some level of interdependence. People
in a relationship tend to influence each other, share their thoughts
and feelings, and engage in activities together. Because of this
interdependence, most things that
change or impact one member of the relationship will have some level
of impact on the other member. The study of interpersonal
relationships involves several branches of the social sciences,
including such disciplines as sociology, psychology, and social
Interpersonal relationships include kinship and family
relations in which people become associated by genetics or
These include such roles
as father, mother, son, or daughter. Relationships can also be
established by Marriage, such as husband, wife, father-in-law,
mother-in-law, uncle by marriage, or aunt by marriage. They may be
formal long term relationships recognized by law and formalized through
public ceremony, such as Marriage or civil union. They may also be
informal long-term relationships such as loving relationships or
romantic relationships with or without living together. In these cases
the "other person" is often called lover, boyfriend or girlfriend,
as distinct from just a male or female friend, or "significant other".
If the partners live together, the relationship may resemble marriage,
with the parties possibly even called Husband and wife. Scottish common
law can regard such couples as actual marriages after a period of
time. Long-term relationships in other countries can become known as
common law marriage, although they may have no special status in
law. The term mistress may refer in a somewhat
old-fashioned way to a female lover of an already married or
unmarried man. A mistress may have the status of an "official
The status of a
relationship goes along with the way we communicate with them.
Interpersonal relationships and communication is a two-way street,
which needs to be clear by both ends. The way we communicate with
our significant other is not the same as we communicate of our
bosses or little brother. The transmission model of communication
has five main parts according to Karen Reynolds essay. Information
Source – where the message is produced Transmitter – where the
message is encoded Channel – where the signal is carried Receiver –
where the message is decoded Destination – where the message ends up
However, noise can interfere with the channel and change the
original message. This can relate to interpersonal relationships
because the sender and receiver of messages need to be on the same
of page of the context of the message so the message will not be
taken the wrong way according to the Karen Reynolds. If the message
is taken the wrong way, it could be detrimental to the relationship.
Communication is a very important component to a successful
relationship. As time goes on people’s attitudes change because they
have become more comfortable with a person.
This could hurt the way
the sender may send the message or the receiver interprets the message.
In Daniel Chandlers essay, he states that no allowance is made for
unequal power relations. In other words, he is saying that individuals
will not always feel that the other person’s ideas are valuable or
creditable In an interpersonal relationship point of view, a man could
never believe what the girlfriend is saying according to his own
standards, which would cause havoc in their communication. The way to
interpret a person who communicates is different depending on the
person; therefore, the transmission model is a hard way to partake in an
interpersonal relationship, because the interpretation of a message can
change at any time.
Friendship consist of mutual liking, trust, respect, and often even
love and unconditional acceptance. They usually imply the discovery
or establishment of similarities or common ground between the
individuals. Internet Friendship and pen pals may take place at a
considerable physical distance. Brotherhood and sisterhood can refer
to individuals united in a common cause or having a common interest,
which may involve formal membership in a club, organization,
association, society, lodge, fraternity, or sorority. This
type of interpersonal relationship relates to the comradeship of
fellow soldiers in peace or war. Partners or co-workers in a
profession, business, or common workplace also have a long term
mates are individuals intimately drawn to one another through a
favorable meeting of minds and who find mutual acceptance and
understanding with one another. Soul mates may feel themselves
bonded together for a lifetime and hence may become sexual partners,
but not necessarily. Casual relationships are sexual relationships
extending beyond one night stands that exclusively consist of sexual
behavior. One can label the participants as "friends with benefits"
or as friends "hooking up" when limited to sexual intercourse,
or regard them as sexual partners in a wider sense.
Platonic love is an affectionate relationship into which the
sexual element does not enter, especially in cases where one might
easily assume otherwise.