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Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer symptoms of often non-existent or rare, which is why this form of cancer is so deadly. Especially during the earliest stages of this disease, cervical cancer symptoms rarely show up at all. Early detection, though crucial, is often impossible. This is the very reason why it is important for all women to have Pap tests regularly to determine if cervical cancer is present. Cervical cancer symptoms do not begin until later stages of the cancer, and during this time

the cancer has already spread to other areas of the pelvis and the abdomen. This makes cervical cancer considerably difficult to treat. Any woman experiencing symptoms of cervical cancer should absolutely consult a physician immediately. 

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer: Bleeding-- The first sign of cervical cancer is usually abnormal vaginal bleeding. This bleeding usually would occur directly after sexual intercourse, after menopause, or between a woman's regular menstrual cycle. Oftentimes, more than normal bleeding will also occur during a woman's period. In addition, normal douching and a pelvic exams can lead to bleeding if a woman has cervical cancer.

An abnormal vaginal discharge has also been identified as one of the symptoms of cervical cancer. This discharge is unusual and different than normal discharges caused by a woman's menstrual cycle.

  • Pain during intercourse is one of the most noticeable symptoms of cervical cancer.

  • Pain in the pelvis usually relates to the menstrual cycle, however, a mild to severe pain in the pelvis may be indicative of cervical cancer

If the cancer has spread to the bladder, a woman may experience pain during urination. A woman experiencing any of the above symptoms of cervical cancer should consult a doctor immediately. These signs can actually be symptoms of another condition, such as a sexually transmitted disease or a bladder infection. However, to be sure, a woman should make a doctors appointment so that a physician can check for cervical cancer symptoms. Early detection is especially important, as this disease is most often successfully treated during its earliest stages. Cervical cancer symptoms can often be overlooked, or some females may be embarrassed about the way they are feeling. However, cervical cancer symptoms should be taken very seriously.

Types Of Cervical Cancer: Cervical cancer is a specific cancer that begins within a person's cervix, the area of a woman's uterus that opens up at the beginning area of the vagina. For the most part, there are two main types of cervical cancer. These two cervical cancer types include squamous cell cancer and adenocarcinoma. Squamous cells appear as flat cells that cover the external portion of one's cervix. Squamous cell carcinoma is one of the types of cervical cancer that take place in a variety of different organs. These organs include a person's skin, lips, mouth, esophagus, and vagina, to state a few. It is comprised of a malignant tumor made of "squamous epithelium." In relation to diagnosis for this particular member of cervical cancer types, a skin biopsy is most often employed. Upon examination, the physical appearance of the squamous cell cancer will differ depending upon the actual depth of the cut in relation to the biopsy. In general, therefore, a biopsy ranging from the subcutaneous tissue and basalar epithelium to the surface of the whatever area is being examined is most optimal.
However, an even deeper biopsy may be even more representative of the occurrence of cancer. In relation to types of cervical cancer, squamous cell carcinomas are often removable by way of surgery, while some may also be treated with the use of a cream medication as well, though not quite as often. Adenocarcinoma is the other of the main cervical cancer types. It is more specifically stated as a cancer of the epithelium that stems from the glandular tissue.
The epithelium is that which is comprised of the skin, glands, as well as the tissues that line various organs and cavities. As one of the cervical cancer types, adenocarcinoma is that which may be found in various regions of a person's body. Examples include the colon, the lungs, cervix, prostate, vagina, as well as the breasts, to name a few areas of concern. Cells that cause adenocarcinoma include those that set forth the creation of mucus. Although this one of the types of cervical cancer is not as prevalent as that of squamous cell cancer, it has risen in relation to its incidence over the years. According to statistics, about anywhere between 1 in 10 as well as 1 in 20 cases of cervical cancer have shown to be adenocarcinoma.
There are, however, additional rarer types of cervical cancer as well. These cervical cancer types include that of the lymphoma, for instance. This particular cervical cancer type is that which causes cancer of one's lymphatic system. It is divided into two types as well. These include Hodgkin's lymphoma as well as Non Hodgkin's lymphoma. Due to the fact that an individual's lymphatic system spans the length of one's body, lymphoma may spawn from any area possible. Due to this, it is quite important for people to be aware of. All of these cervical cancer types are pertinent when attempting to be aware of the health that people attempt to maintain as each day passes
Treatment Of Cervical Cancer, Medical Treatment: Cervical Cancer-Most cases of cervical cancers can be prevented, since they start with easily detectable pre-cancerous changes. One of the best ways to prevent cervical cancers is by having regular Pap tests. If pre-cancerous changes are detected, appropriate treatment can prevent them from developing into invasive cancers.Another way to prevent cervical cancers it to avoid the risk factors. Abstaining from sexual relations when one is very young, and using appropriate precautions when engaging in sexual activity will help to avoid HPV infections. Quitting smoking will also help to reduce the risk for cervical cancers.
Surgical Treatment: Cervical Cancer-Treatment for cervical cancer depends on the stage of the disease and the extent of its spread. Three standard modes of treatment are surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy.A radical hysterectomy removes the entire uterus, the ovaries and the upper of the vagina that is next to the cervix and the lymph nodes from the pelvic region.
Radiation therapy, which involves the use of high energy x-rays to kill cancer cells, can also be used for treatment of cervical cancer. In external radiation therapy, the rays are focused on the pelvic area from a source that is outside the body. Alternatively, a pellet of radioactive materials may be placed internally, near the tumor. This is called Brach therapy or interstitial radiotherapy. However, radiation therapy to the pelvic region has many effects. It could cause a narrowing of the vagina that makes intercourse painful. It may also stop the ovaries from releasing eggs and producing the female hormone estrogen. When this happens, it causes premature menopause in young women and they will need estrogen replacement therapy. Many women are treated with both surgery and radiation therapy

Chemotherapy, or the use of anticancer drugs to kill the cancer cells, is not a common form of treatment for cervical cancer because it is not as effective as other methods. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy is being tested in clinical trials. When a woman is diagnosed with recurrent cervical cancer, an operation known as pelvic exenteration is performed. In this operation, besides the uterus, cervix and vagina, the urinary bladder, part of the colon and the rectum are also removed. In such cases, new openings will have to be created for the urine and the feces to pass out of the body. A new vagina may also be surgically created

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