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Hemiplegia

Hemiplegia refers to paralysis or abnormal movements on one side of a person, either the right or left. The affected side, or hemisphere, can be completely paralyzed or weakened, or it may move in rigid, stiff movements. Hemiplegia may be characterized by many other problems. For example, the use of one hand may be limited, there may be a problem with balance, speech may be affected or visual field problems may exist.Hemiplegia can be a disorder present at or around birth, or it may be acquired after birth.

The underlying cause of hemiplegia is damage to the brain as a result of disrupted blood flow. This disruption can be caused by several factors. There are many different types of hemiplegia. Facial hemiplegia is characterized by paralysis of one particular side of the face. Cerebral hemiplegia occurs when a brain lesion disrupts the flow of blood to the brain. Spastic hemiplegia is characterized by paralysis along with spastic movements of the affected side. Spinal hemiplegia is caused by lesions that have formed on the spine. The most common cause of hemiplegia is stroke.
A stroke occurs either when a blood clot forms and obstructs normal blood flow or when a blood vessel breaks, cutting off or disrupting blood flow. Stroke is the main cause of cerebral palsy, which is another major cause of hemiplegia. Perinatal strokes, which occur in infants within three days of their birth, can cause cerebral palsy in children. Cerebral palsy limits function not specifically by total paralysis, but rather by uncontrollable spasms. Another cause of hemiplegia can be the resulting disruption of blood flow to the brain due to an injury to the brainís motor centers. The excessive bleeding that accompanies some head injuries either deprives the brain of blood or affects the blood vessels through swelling. If a person suffers an injury to the right side of the brain, the left side of the body experiences the paralysis or weakness. If the left side is affected, then the right side of the body will experience hemiplegia.
Hemiplegia is similar to another condition called hemiparesis, but it is far more serious. Hemiparesis is usually characterized by one side of the body that is affected not by paralysis, but by a less severe state of weakness.It is difficult to prevent stroke and cerebral palsy in infants, so good prenatal care is essential in preventing this condition. Diabetics and those with high blood pressure and/or cholesterol are at high risk for having a stroke, as are those who are obese, smoke, donít exercise and drink alcohol excessively.
Hemiplegia Symptoms: Environmental factors such as temperature changes, bright lights, and loud, sudden sounds also can set off an attack in a susceptible infant or child. Most children with alternating hemiplegia have relatively mild symptoms. During an episode, one side of the body becomes weak and numb. The leading cause of paralysis is stroke, which is the loss of control and function in the brain due to lack of blood supply. The symptoms of paralysis in stroke victims usually include hemiplegia, slurred speech, and vision loss. To prevent strokes, doctors recommend keeping blood pressure in the normal range and eating a healthy low sodium diet to prevent atherosclerosis, which is clogged arteries.
Hemiplegia Stroke: Stroke is the main cause of cerebral palsy, which is another major cause of hemiplegia. Perinatal strokes, which occur in infants within three days of their birth, can cause cerebral palsy in children. Autonomic dysreflexia must be treated immediately when it occurs, in order to prevent a stroke. Tetraplegia generally is not a curable condition. Experimental treatments, such as the use of stem cells to repair spinal cord damage, typically are not available to the public except during clinical trials.
Hemiplegia Treatment:  Environmental factors such as temperature changes, bright lights, and loud, sudden sounds also can set off an attack in a susceptible infant or child. Most children with alternating hemiplegia have relatively mild symptoms. During an episode, one side of the body becomes weak and numb. This generally happens when a brain or spinal cord injury has occurred. Treatment of hemiplegia is aimed at restoring as many bodily functions as possible as well as preventing complications that naturally arise from the inability to move the body or control bodily functions.
Hemiplegia Therapy: Symptoms can range from mild, temporary numbness in an extremity or the face to complete loss of muscle coordination and control. There is currently no known cure for alternating hemiplegia, but medications, physical therapy, and home management strategies are available that can help to improve a child's symptoms and quality of life. Physical therapy is another treatment option widely used in hemiplegia patients. Physical therapy involves exercising the affected muscles in order to promote muscle health as well as to prevent atrophy, or wasting away of the muscle due to lack of use.
Hemiplegia Physical Therapy: Physical therapy is another treatment option widely used in hemiplegia patients. Physical therapy involves exercising the affected muscles in order to promote muscle health as well as to prevent atrophy, or wasting away of the muscle due to lack of use. Symptoms can range from mild, temporary numbness in an extremity or the face to complete loss of muscle coordination and control. There is currently no known cure for alternating hemiplegia, but medications, physical therapy, and home management strategies are available that can help to improve a child's symptoms and quality of life.
Hemiplegia Cerebral Palsy:  Lawyers have brought in a number of huge personal injury verdicts representing cerebral palsy victims when the lawyers are able to demonstrate that the palsywas brought upon as a result of the doctor's negligence while delivering the new born. There are several sub-types of spastic cerebral palsy, classified according to which muscle groups are affected. Hemiplegia predominantly affects one side of the body more than the other, while diplegia impairs the legs and hips more than the upper body.
 
 
 
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